Symptoms of Dementia

The key symptoms of dementia include:

Failing memory

  • Having problem remembering important dates or event. They may also ask the same question or request for the same information repeatedly.
  • Lose things easily, for example not able to remember where they keep the keys. Sometimes, they may accuse others of stealing.

Problems with visual perception

  • Having difficulty in identifying and recognising patterns, shapes, colours and spaces.

Mood, behaviour & personality change

  • They can have rapid mood swing for no reason and become confused, suspicious, depressed, fearful or anxious. They may be easily upset at home, at work, with friends or in places where they are out of their comfort zone. They may also start to withdraw from group activities.

Problems with walking & mobility

  • They may need help with sitting, standing and walking. They may lose their balance and fall more easily.


  • Not able to tell the time, unable to recognise where they were, and sometime even weather. They may be confused a sunny day as a rainy day.
  • The confusion and disorientation are some of the factors that may contribute to them getting lost.

Decline in judgement

  • They may experience difficulties in judgement or decision making. For example, having trouble handling money and paying bills. They may also have trouble concentrating and take much longer to do things.
  • They may give large amounts of money to strangers, pay less attention to grooming or hygiene.
  • Problems in communication
  • They may have trouble in expressing themselves, and experience problems finding the right word or naming objects. They may also have problems understanding what others are saying to them and may stop in the middle of a conversations with no idea on how to continue. They may also repeat themselves.

Difficulties completing familiar tasks

  • They may have trouble driving or going to familiar places, managing a budget, or remembering the rules of a favorite game.

Hallucinations and paranoia

  • They may be seeing, feeling, hearing, smelling or tasting things that cannot be verified by anyone else. For example, hearing voices that are not there and having illusions.
  • They become easily paranoid, and having unreasonable suspiciousness, such as people wanting to poison them.

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